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WASHINGTON – With college costs continuing to rise, more students are receiving federal financial aid, though state and institutional aid remains largely flat.

Data released Tuesday by the National Center for Education Statistics, a branch of the U.S. Department of Education, shows 71 percent of all undergraduate students received some type of financial aid in the 2011-12 school year, up from 66 percent four years earlier.

Forty-two percent of students received federal grants, up from 28 percent, and 40 percent received federal loans, an increase of 5 percentage points.

Meanwhile, 15 percent received state grants, and 20 percent received a grant from the college or university they attend – figures that have remained essentially unchanged since the 2007-08 school year.

Among full-time, dependent students, access to state grants actually declined, from 29 percent to 26 percent.

The new NCES data shows that college costs are still going up:

In-state tuition at community colleges jumped almost 6 percent, to an average of $3,131 last year; in-state tuition at a public, four-year college averaged $8,655, up 5 percent; and private, four-year school tuition and fees averaged $29,056, a 4 percent increase.

Those figures, however, cover only part of college costs.

According to a College Board survey, the price of housing and food is even higher than tuition for in-state students at public universities.

With the added costs of food, housing, books, supplies and transportation, the total cost to attend an in-state public college was $17,860 last year.