Do drinking and marriage mix? That depends on who’s doing the drinking – and how much – according to a recent study by the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions (RIA).
Researchers followed 634 couples from the time of their weddings through the first nine years of marriage and found that couples where only one spouse was a heavy drinker had a much higher divorce rate than other couples.
What if both spouses were heavy drinkers? The divorce rate was the same as for couples where neither were heavy drinkers.
“Our results indicate that it is the difference between the couple’s drinking habits, rather than the drinking itself, that leads to marital dissatisfaction, separation and divorce,” said Kenneth Leonard, RIA director and lead author of the study.
The study’s co-authors were Gregory Homish and Philip Smith of the UB Department of Community Health and Health Behavior.
Over the course of the nine-year study, nearly 50 percent of couples where only one partner drank more heavily ended up divorcing, while the divorce rates for other couples was 30 percent. “Heavy drinking” was defined as drinking six or more drinks at one time or drinking to intoxication.
“This research provides solid evidence to bolster the commonplace notion that heavy drinking by one partner can lead to divorce,” Leonard said. “Although some people might think that’s a likely outcome, there was surprisingly little data to back up that claim until now.”
The surprising outcome was that the divorce rate for two heavy drinkers was no worse than for two non-heavy drinkers. “Heavy drinking spouses may be more tolerant of negative experiences related to alcohol due to their own drinking habits,” Leonard said. But he cautioned that this does not mean other aspects of family life are unimpaired. “While two heavy drinkers may not divorce, they may create a particularly bad climate for their children.”
The study controlled for factors such as marijuana and tobacco use, depression and socioeconomic status, which also can be related to marital dissatisfaction, separation and divorce.
The study was supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the findings will appear in the December issue of Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.