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LOS ANGELES — There’s one second of sound on John Legend’s new album, “Love in the Future,” that sums up his current artistic mission. It’s on the delicate, gloomy track “Asylum,” and the sound is a snare drum. Or rather a blast of raw, percussive white noise that punctuates his future-soul tale of a love “where we both go crazy.”

“We were leaning toward progressive, cool samples with space and minimalism,” Legend said. “How do you refresh a genre that’s so traditional and classic?”

Although he is indebted to Sam Cooke’s pristine phrasing and piano ballads, his “Love in the Future,” which came out Tuesday, sounds remarkably modern. Almost a decade after his 2004 debut, “Get Lifted,” made him a pop star and put him at the vanguard of adult R&B, Legend (born John Roger Stephens) is figuring out how an old genre relates to new ideas about love.

Five years after his last album of original material (his 2010 collaboration with the Roots, “Wake Up!,” was a collection of ‘60s and ‘70s covers), Legend is asking what constitutes soul music in a time when technology can connect us in undreamed of ways but also distract us from real emotion.

“That’s part of what we were trying to answer with this album,” he said of his fourth solo album. “What’s the place for soul in 2013? This album is our answer.”

From the back porch of his Hollywood Hills home, Legend has a wide view of Cahuenga Pass. His bulldog Puddy scampers around his feet as Legend talks about his new album. He looks relaxed, because he took his time making this one.

“Love in the Future” was supposed to come sooner. After a successful run with the U.K. combo Sade, Legend had booked a high-profile fall 2012 arena tour, tied to his long-expected follow-up to 2008’s “Evolver.” But he scrapped it to finish work on the record, which tacked on an additional year’s wait for a new album of original material.

It was a rare crack in the armor for the consummately professional 34-year-old singer (and former management consultant).

“I had to choose the lesser of two evils,” he said. “I hated the idea of letting fans down. But I’m defined by the quality of the experience, on record and in performances. I wanted to go out with new music, but I couldn’t go out without my best.”

But if it took an extra year to get right, it shows in the record. “Love in the Future” can be read as a kind of distant cousin of Kanye West’s “Yeezus,” and not only because West (a longtime Legend collaborator) co-executive produced the album with fellow Legend-vet Dave Tozer. If the wildly experimental, angry “Yeezus” is pure id and ego, “Love in the Future” is the grown-up superego tamping that raw emotion down while trying to make sense of it.

“Who Do We Think We Are” has some of ‘70s soul staple Donny Hathaway’s incandescent glow, but it’s ringed in a psychedelic digital fog, and it wraps up with a cameo from rapper Rick Ross. Lead single “Made to Love” is built on crunchy distorted drums and scattered vocal echoes (courtesy of New Zealand’s Kimbra) evoking classic house music.

The 16 songs of “Love in the Future” are investigations into the pleasures, pains and transformations of a long-term relationship.

For Legend, who recently announced his engagement to model Chrissy Teigen, the album is unflinching in its look at intimacy in general and his own romantic life in specific. “This long-term relationship changed me,” he said. “I hadn’t been with anyone for a long time, and I’d definitely enjoyed my bachelor status. This is my first album with the benefit of that relationship. I’m much more emotional and passionate in my musical life than my personal life, and these songs are a self-examination and a way for me to get there.”