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CHICAGO – Lawyers for hundreds of black financial advisers have reached a $160 million settlement in a lawsuit accusing Wall Street brokerage giant Merrill Lynch of racial discrimination, a plaintiffs’ attorney said Wednesday.

If approved by a federal judge in Chicago as expected, the payout by Merrill Lynch to about 1,200 plaintiffs would be one of the largest ever in a racial discrimination case, attorney Suzanne E. Bish said.

Bank of America-owned Merrill Lynch – one of the world’s largest brokerages with more than 15,000 financial advisers – issued a statement Wednesday: “We’re not at this point commenting on the existence of the settlement nor the status of a settlement.”

The primary plaintiff, George McReynolds, alleged a pattern of discrimination that resulted in blacks having lower production and making less money than white men at the company. McReynolds, of Nashville, Tenn., is still employed at Merrill Lynch, Bish said.

The settlement coincides with the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream Speech,” Bish noted. She said she hopes the case will help ensure the kind of equal opportunity King spoke about during the March on Washington.

“I’m getting goose bumps thinking about it,” she said about the coincidence that the settlement came around the anniversary. “What (the plaintiffs) wanted to achieve was the same opportunities for the next generation – for their children.”

Bish said the settlement should force changes beyond the company targeted in the 8-year-old lawsuit.

“They are leaders on Wall Street,” she said. “And increasing opportunities for African-Americans at Merrill Lynch should spill over to the rest of Wall Street.”

Plaintiffs claimed that discrimination pervaded Merrill Lynch, at least partly because the company employed relatively few African-Americans overall. In a 2009 plaintiffs’ filing, they contended that fewer than 2 percent of the brokers at Merrill Lynch were black.

“Far from being a colorblind meritocracy, race permeates policy and practice in a way that creates substantial obstacles to equal employment opportunity for Merrill Lynch’s African-American employees,” William T. Bielby, a professor of sociology, said in the filing.

Merrill Lynch sometimes relied on stereotypes, the filing asserted, with the company once allegedly suggesting that managers encourage black brokers to “learn to play golf or other activities designed to learn how business gets done in manners (they) might not be familiar with.”

The black brokers at Merrill Lynch claimed that they were systematically steered away from the most lucrative assignments; consequently, under a compensation system emphasizing production, they couldn’t earn what their white counterparts made, plaintiffs alleged.

When attorneys filed the lawsuit 2005, McReynolds was the only plaintiff, though hundreds of others signed on as the suit wound its way through the court, at times appearing as if it might be doomed.

U.S. District Judge Robert Gettleman, who is overseeing the case in Chicago, had denied class-action status for the suit. But the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago granted the status in 2012, reviving the case and vastly extending its reach.

Gettleman must formally approve the deal, a process that could take months. A status hearing in the case is scheduled for Tuesday.