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TRIPOLI, Libya – Soldiers and government-affiliated militias stormed a military base occupied by gunmen in Libya’s capital on Saturday, sparking fresh fighting that left four dead a day after a deadly militia attack on protesters.

Armed residents and pro-government militiamen have set up checkpoints across Tripoli, as thousands of protesters gathered in the city center to mourn the 43 killed in Friday’s attack when militias fired on a crowd urging the dissolution of unlawful armed groups.

Friday’s demonstrations had been the biggest show of public anger over militias in months. Some 500 people were also wounded there, health officials said. On Saturday, some residents of Tripoli have said they will go on strike until unlawful militias are disbanded.

Since the fall of dictator Moammar Gadhafi in 2011, hundreds of militias have sprung up across Libya, carving out zones of power, defying state authority and launching violent attacks. The government has tried to incorporate them into the fledgling police force and army but failed.

Saturday’s violence started at dawn when militiamen from Misrata raided the base in the Tajoura neighborhood, taking arms and ammunition before escaping to the outskirts of the city, Col. Musbah al-Harna told state news agency LANA.

A fighter on the government side said one of his comrades was shot dead in the fighting. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to brief journalists. A hospital official later said that three others were killed and 13 people were wounded. He too spoke anonymously.

Later in the day, government-affiliated militias and residents erected checkpoints along the road from Tajoura to the city center in hopes of preventing outside militiamen from entering.

Prime Minister Ali Zidan told militias from outside the capital not to enter, saying that could lead to a “bloodbath,” LANA also reported.

Zidan, who was briefly kidnapped by militiamen himself last month, said Friday his embattled government was working on a plan to drive all militias out of Tripoli.

Meanwhile, mourners gathered in Martyrs’ square, a focal point of the country’s uprising against Gadhafi, to pray for the dead. They raised Libyan flags and portraits of the slain protesters, chanting “Martyrs for you Libya” and calling for civil disobedience.

A statement drafted by Tripoli officials in the name of the city’s inhabitants was read out to the crowd. It vowed to keep protests going until militias leave the capital.

The statement also stressed that Friday’s protests were peaceful. It said that demonstrators were not armed but carried only “olive branches and white flags.” It also held the government responsible for the killings.

Tripoli officials have declared a three-day mourning period. Many stores in the city were closed on Saturday.

The Friday attack started when protesters marched from a downtown mosque to a neighborhood called Gharghour, home to the headquarters of a militia originally from the city of Misrata that has a powerful presence in Tripoli.

By late Saturday, a government-affiliated militia, Libya Shield-Central Command, said it was in control of Gharghour.