This year marks the first time that an America’s Cup competition has been held so close to a city. Spectators will be able to watch the racing from along the shore or from the water on their own boats.
The course is between 6 and 10 nautical miles long. The first team to win nine of 17 races in the finals will win the trophy.
Learn some sailing language, mate!
America’s Cup sailors use specific words to describe parts of their boats and the work they do.
• Hull: the main body of the boat; a catamaran has two hulls.
• Bow: the front end of a boat.
• Stern: the back end.
• Port: the left side, when facing the bow.
• Starboard: the right side, when facing the bow.
• Helm: to control the direction the boat is heading. The helm is also the location where the boat is controlled, often using a large steering wheel.
• Tack: the direction a boat is heading; “tack” can also mean a change of direction.
• Mast: a vertical column in the middle of the boat.
• Wing: the larger, main sail.
• Jib: the smaller, forward sail.
• Hydrofoils or “foils”: small, wing-shaped blades attached below the hull that lift it above the water, allowing the boat to go faster. A boat is “foiling” when it is out of the water with only the foils in contact with the water’s surface.
• Nautical mile: measurement of distance in water that is slightly longer than a land mile; 1 nautical mile equals 1.15 land miles.
• Knot: speed of a boat; 1 knot is 1 nautical mile per hour.
The Race Course