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Civil War fast facts

Death toll ranges from official figure of 620,000 to as many as 750,000

• Abraham Lincoln won the presidency despite not being on the ballot in nine Southern states.

• The United States never took the stars of the Southern states off the American flag.

• Kansas had units in both the Confederate and Union armies.

• A Revolutionary War army had 10,000 soldiers; the Army of the Potomac had up to 121,000.

• Jan. 1, 1863: The Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves.

• The Chancellorsville victory in May of the same year cost Gen. Robert E. Lee one-quarter of his Confederate army, including Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, his most trusted general.

• The death toll from the Civil War continues to change and officially stands at about 620,000 men, but with large numbers of missing also presumed to have died and based on the 1870 Census, a growing number of historians believe that figure was really about 750,000, which is more than the deaths of American soldiers in all other U.S. wars since the Revolution combined. In today’s terms, that’s roughly equal to a loss of about 7.5 million soldiers.

• As a result of the war, 4 million slaves were freed.

Sources: Gettysburg National Military Park Museum, Civil War Trust