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By springtime, a lot of high school seniors are cruising to the end of school. Maceo Rucker-Shivers can’t afford to join them.

His class work at Olympic High School’s math/science school in Charlotte, N.C., and his after-school job at nearby Bosch Rexroth Corp. are preparing him for work as a machinist technician. His supervisors at the German company are watching to see whether his skills and work ethic justify paying his tuition at community college after graduation.

“You have to bring your A-game every day,” Rucker-Shivers said.

His career-focused studies led him to discover a passion for building precision manufacturing equipment. “Machines excite me. They really do,” he said, beaming.

Rucker-Shivers may represent the future of public education.

It’s a future with closer links among K-12 schools, community colleges and private employers, influenced by the European apprenticeship model. It’s one where the “college for all” mantra yields to a recognition that for many students, training for skilled jobs is more meaningful than a four-year degree. And it’s one where promising students can start earning right away – sometimes while they’re in high school – rather than taking on college debt.

“Pathways to Prosperity,” a 2011 report from the Harvard Graduate School of Education, spelled out the challenge: America’s current approach to academics is not only failing the students who drop out of high school. Almost half the students who enroll in a four-year college leave without a diploma, the report notes. For minority and low-income students, even fewer finish college.

The recommended solution: Multiple pathways to adulthood, with employers playing a greater role in shaping those paths. In European vocational systems, the report says, employers and educators not only develop the next generation of workers; they also help young people transition to adulthood.

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Superintendent Heath Morrison is among those pushing this model. The 2013-14 CMS budget calls for creating career-tech hubs at traditional high schools and launching new magnets focused on internships and career skills. Olympic, a model for the school district, got a head start when it split into five career-themed academies in 2006. Business partnerships, career exploration and real-life projects were central to the new approach.

“All that testing stuff and all that rote memorization stuff is not going to help you in the real world,” said career development coordinator Michael Realon. Before coming to Olympic to teach business, economics and math, he worked for trade associations, including the Charlotte Apparel Mart. He now acts as Olympic’s liaison to the business community.

Realon says students who get apprenticeships earn $9 to $10 an hour, including the time they spend finishing high school and attending CPCC.

Out of 10 summer interns, Rucker-Shivers says, five were offered apprenticeships. He wasn’t among them. Another lesson learned: “You’re not a kid anymore. You’re not just there to do what you’re told.” You have to take initiative, he said, and solve problems to make the grade.