WASHINGTON – The Federal Reserve may be preparing to take further steps to stimulate an economy that remains too weak to reduce high unemployment.
Minutes of the Fed’s Oct. 23-24 policy meeting released Wednesday suggest that it might unveil a bond-buying program in December to replace a program that expires at year’s end.
The bond purchases would be intended to lower long-term borrowing rates to encourage spending and strengthen the economy. The hope is that more hiring would follow.
Under an existing program, called “Operation Twist,” the Fed has been selling $45 billion a month in short-term Treasurys and using the proceeds to buy an equal amount of longer-term securities.
When Operation Twist ends after December, the Fed will run out of short-term investments to sell. The minutes show support among several Fed policymakers to replace Twist with another program of long-term bond purchases.
The minutes note that several Fed policymakers questioned whether additional bond buying would be needed as long as the economy sustained its modest gains. And others worried that keeping rates too low for too long could drive up inflation.
But Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics, said he thought the Fed minutes made clear that a new bond-purchase program would likely begin after the year ends.
A new bond-buying program would come on top of a program the Fed launched in September. It began buying $40 billion a month in mortgage bonds to try to reduce long-term rates and make homebuying more affordable. It was its third round of bond purchases.
The Fed plans to keep its short-term rate near zero through mid-2015 and indicated a readiness to take other steps if hiring didn’t pick up.