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NEW YORK – Investors showed little hope Wednesday for a quick compromise in U.S. budget talks after President Obama insisted that higher taxes on wealthy Americans would have to be part of any deal.

Stocks fell sharply, and even a signal from the Federal Reserve that it could launch a program in December to speed job growth failed to encourage investors. The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 185 points.

Obama made clear he would seek higher tax revenue from the wealthiest Americans, which faces opposition among some Republicans in Congress. Obama said that a modest increase on the wealthy “is not going to break their backs.”

“The Street was looking for him to say some magic buzzwords about avoiding the ‘fiscal cliff,’ about cooperation,” said Sal Arnuk of Themis trading, a New Jersey brokerage. Instead, Arnuk said, the remarks were “unyielding.”

The “cliff” is a package of tax increases and government spending cuts that will take effect Jan. 1 unless Obama and Congress reach a deal first.

They would total about $700 billion for 2013 and could send the country back into recession.

Stocks have fallen steadily since voters returned Obama and a divided Congress to power Nov. 6. The Dow has fallen 675 points, or 5.1 percent, including three daily drops of more than 100 points.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 index has dropped 5 percent in that time, returning to where it stood in late July.

“Investors’ hopes that the election would end uncertainty remain unfulfilled,” said Lawrence Creatura, a portfolio manager at Federated Investors in Rochester. “It’s very tough to determine what happens next.”

There are ways to increase tax revenue from the wealthy without raising rates, including limiting tax deductions, but the path to compromise is unclear. Obama sidestepped a question about insisting on higher rates for the wealthy.

Wednesday, the Dow dropped 185.23 points, or 1.5 percent, to 12,570.95. The S&P fell 19.04 points, or 1.4 percent, to 1,355.49, and the Nasdaq composite declined 37.08 points, or 1.29 percent, to 2,846.81.

Indexes are still up on the year, though they have pared gains since reaching four-year highs. The S&P has fallen 7.5 percent since its Sept. 14 peak, and the Dow has fallen 7.6 percent, more than 1,000 points, since its Oct. 5 peak.

Among individual stocks, Abercrombie & Fitch, which sells teen clothes, bucked the trend of a declining market and was by far the best-performing stock in the S&P 500.

Abercrombie jumped $10.54 to $41.92 after reporting that its international business was thriving and that its net income soared 40 percent in the most recent quarter, more than financial analysts were expecting.

The Commerce Department said that Americans cut back on spending in October, suggesting that many are still cautious about the economy.

Sales dropped 0.3 percent last month after three months of gains.

That was worse than analysts had been expecting, according to FactSet, a provider of financial data.

The government also said auto sales fell 1.5 percent, the most in more than a year. Sales may have been hurt by Superstorm Sandy.

The yield on the 10-year Treasury note was unchanged at 1.59 percent.

Among other stocks making big moves, Cisco Systems, the world’s largest maker of computer networking equipment, gained 81 cents, or 4.8 percent, to $17.66.

Cisco said late Tuesday that its earnings rose 18 percent in the latest quarter and that U.S. companies are starting to spend again.