The ragged red cloth hanging from the door handle was the signal that we’d be safe, but we weren’t sure who to trust.
We sent just one from our group – there were a dozen of us hidden in the trees – to the door of the yellow and green house. “A friend of a friend sent us,” she whispered when a middle-aged Quaker woman with a kind face answered.
“You’re safe here,” she said, quickly ushering us inside. We were hungry, tired and frightened – especially as those who hunted us fired shots outside. “We do not believe God would want anyone to be slaves,” the woman said. “We are members of the society of friends,” her sister added. “You can count on friends to help you.”
Welcome to a stop on the Underground Railroad (www.nps.gov/ugrr). Historians estimate that anywhere from 20,000 to 200,000 slaves started their journey to freedom from the South during the first half of the 19th century, helped along the way by abolitionists, runaway slaves, freed blacks and Quakers.
It would have taken runaway slaves three or more years to reach freedom and a new life; less than half would make it.
Here at Conner Prairie Interactive History Park (www.connerprairie.org), the terrific living history museum outside Indianapolis, a Smithsonian affiliate that focuses on 19th century Indiana, the journey takes us 90 minutes, starting with our escape from an owner who plans to sell us “back South.”
Fall is a terrific time to visit a living history museum like Conner Prairie, whether kids are going to work in the garden, helping to cook, do laundry or play 19th century games in 1836 Prairietown, joining Hoosier volunteers defending their state from Confederate raiders in 1863 or learning the language of the Lenape, the Native Americans who lived in Indiana from 1795 to 1820. I love the way Conner Prairie melds hands-on activities with costumed interpreters with 21st century technology.
This place is affordable, too – $14 for adults and $9 for kids 2 to 12.
On three October weekends, a hayride will bring you face to face with the Headless Horseman. And once you’ve recovered your wits, you can join in the Halloween fun with a punkin’-a-pult – a pumpkin-flinging catapult – spooky karaoke, a scarecrow competition, lessons in ghost hunting and more.
The Follow the North Star experience of traveling the Underground Railroad is one of the most powerful I’ve ever encountered at any museum, starting with when we’re sized up by those who might want to buy us, treated like animals at auction, unable to help our children or to prevent family members from being separated. “You are dumber than my hogs,” one potential owner says. “Keep your eyes down,” commands another. “Don’t you know your place!”
Museum officials don’t recommend this program for children under 12 and it is offered just a few weekends a year in November and April. I would recommend it as a terrific learning tool for any family with tweens and teens.
The back-story: We’re slaves in 1836 Indiana about to be sold “back South.” There are many obvious lessons for today’s world, where people are bullied, mistreated imprisoned and worse because of the color of their skin, their religious beliefs or sexual orientation, suggests Michelle Evans, who developed the program. Evans notes that the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati (www.freedomcenter.org) uses the Underground Railroad as a lens through which to explore a range of freedom issues.
At the end, we learn what would have likely happened to our group; some would have died crossing a river, some would have been recaptured. One would have disappeared never to be heard from again. I’m told I would have made it to freedom in Michigan.
“Is it worth the risk?” they ask us. “Only you can decide. Only you know.”