If you live in the United States, you probably call yourself an American. But almost all Americans can trace their ancestors back to other countries. Through our history, many millions of people have immigrated, or moved, to the United States to live.
From Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, we celebrate National Hispanic Heritage Month.
Sept. 15 is the anniversary of independence in five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Mexico, Chile and Belize also celebrate independence in September.
This week in the Mini Page, we learn more about a few Latin American countries. Do some research to learn about other countries with Hispanic roots.
Who is Hispanic?
“Hispanic” refers to a person whose family or ancestors came from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, South or Central America, or another Spanish culture.
“Latin America” means parts of the Americas where mostly Spanish is spoken. Sometimes people from these regions are called “Latinos.”
North America Mexico
Mexico is the only Latin American country in North America. It is bordered by the United States to the north (Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California) and Central America to the south. To the east lies the Gulf of Mexico; to the west is the Pacific Ocean.
Before conquerors arrived in the 1500s from Spain, Mexico was home to Aztec and other civilizations. The Spanish brought their religion and language to the region and called it New Spain.
Mexico declared its independence from Spain on Sept. 16, 1810.
Who do you know?
This past summer, Aida Roman won a silver medal in archery at the London Olympics. She was born in Mexico City. She started archery at 9 years old and also played basketball.