Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (it means “rich port”) is a territory of the United States. This means that Puerto Ricans are citizens and can move freely to the continental United States. But while they live in Puerto Rico, they cannot vote in presidential elections, and they do not pay federal income taxes.
On Nov. 6, Election Day, Puerto Ricans will vote to decide whether their island would like to become the 51st U.S. state, remain a territory or be independent.

Official name: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Popular sports: baseball, boxing, soccer
Currency: U.S. dollar

Who do you know?

After Mexican-Americans, there are more Hispanics from Puerto Rico in the United States than from any other Latin American country.
Ricky Martin is a singer and Broadway star. He was born in the Puerto Rican capital, San Juan.


Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean Sea. It lies just 90 miles away from Florida.
Christopher Columbus claimed the island for Spain in 1492. Spain gave up its hold on Cuba in 1898, and four years later, Cuba gained its independence from the United States.
Hundreds of thousands of Cubans have left their home country to move to the United States or other countries looking for greater opportunities.

Official name: Republic of Cuba
Popular sports: soccer, baseball
Capital: Havana

Who do you know?

If you watched wrestling during the Summer Olympics, you probably saw Mijain Lopez Nunez win gold. Nunez was born in Cuba. He also won a gold medal at the 2008 Olympics.